domingo, 26 de agosto de 2007

Perón, entre los Sindicatos y las Instituciones. 2ª parte.

Una de las criticas mas acerbas contra el Peronismo fue sobre su estructura política. Acusada de Fascista, no se tomo en cuanta la denominación inicial, Laborismo. Veamos como se organiza HOY el Labour Party de Blair y Brown

The Labour Party is a membership organisation consisting of Constituency Labour Parties, affiliated trade unions, socialist societies, and the Co-operative Party, with which it has an electoral agreement.
Members who are elected to parliamentary positions take part in the Parliamentary Labour Party (PLP) and European Parliamentary Labour Party (EPLP).

1/Organizacion Territorial, o Rama Politica

A Constituency Labour Party ('CLP') is an organisation of members of the British Labour Party who live in a particular parliamentary constituency in England, Scotland and Wales.

The CLP selects the local Labour Party candidate for a national parliamentary General Election, although the National Executive Committee has powers to overrule this decision in certain circumstances, which has on occasion proved controversial. The CLPs consist of individual Labour Party members, some of whom may represent affiliated organisations at local meetings.

2/Rama Gremial

In British politics, the term affiliated trade union refers to a trade union that has an affiliation to the British Labour Party.

Affiliation means that the unions pay an affiliation fee to the Labour Party; in return, they and their members receive the privileges of affiliated membership. Unions select twelve of the thirty-two members of the Labour National Executive Committee and elect fifty per cent of the delegates to Labour Party Conference. In many cases, local union branches also affiliate to Constituency Labour Parties and their members who are also individual members of the Party may represent the Union as delegates on Labour Party structures.

3/Organizaciones partidarias

Affiliation means that the socialist societies - like a number of British trade unions - pay an affiliation fee to the Labour Party, and the affiliates' members become affiliated members of the Labour Party (a different status from full member), unless they specifically choose otherwise. In return the societies receive a formal role in Labour decision-making, and the affiliated members can take part in all-member ballots in certain circumstances. For example, they can participate in the election of Labour Party leaders.

Estas Organizaciones incluyen Estudiantes, Artistas, Cientificos, Educadores, etc,

Por supuesto esta incluida la Fabian Society y la pata Sotanista Christian Socialist Movement.

Today the CSM has over 40 members in the House of Commons and House of Lords including former Prime Minister Tony Blair and the current Prime Minister Gordon Brown.

4/Organizaciones Libres

The Co-operative Party is a small socialist political party, operating in the United Kingdom. It does not put candidates for election itself, but its candidates stand jointly with the Labour Party as "Labour and Co-operative Party" candidates, and it may therefore be seen by some as a faction within the Labour Party.

The Co-operative Party seeks to advance its agenda through the Parliamentary Labour Party. In 2005 there were 29 MPs in the Co-operative Parliamentary Group, 8 Members of the Scottish Parliament, 4 Members of the Welsh Assembly and 11 Members of the House of Lords, as well as over 700 local councillors. There is also an informal Co-operative Party group in the European Parliament.

En la Argentina seria la representacion de las Cooperativas; FAA, Cooperativas de Produccion y Consumo -Hogar Obrero-, de Credito -Credicoop-, ect.

Herramienta Electoral

In UK politics, the Parliamentary Labour Party (PLP) is the parliamentary party of the Labour Party in Parliament: Labour MPs as a collective body.

Commentators on the British Constitution sometimes draw a distinction between the Labour Party (which was created outside Parliament and later achieved office) and the Conservative and Liberal parties (which began as parliamentary factions). The term 'Parliamentary Labour Party' properly refers to the party in parliament, whereas the term Labour Party refers to the entire Labour Party, the parliamentary faction of which is the PLP.

Originally, the Leader of the Labour Party was elected by the PLP. Nowadays, an electoral college is used, consisting of three sections - MPs and MEPs, affiliated organizations (affiliated trade unions and affiliated socialist societies), and Constituency Labour Parties (CLPs). Each section exercises one-third of the vote (meaning that overall, MPs have substantially more say than individual members). Multiple-voting is used, so an MP who belongs to two trade unions, one socialist society, and a CLP receives five votes. The single transferable vote is used to conduct the election.

Labour MPs retain the power to trigger an extraordinary or "special" Labour Party Conference to choose a new leader if they lose confidence in their existing leader.

Labour MPs also elect two of their number to Labour's National Executive Committee.

The PLP holds regular meetings behind closed doors to question the Leader and to discuss its concerns.

La 3° Parte sera sobre Democracia Representativa, Constitucion del 53; Clientelismo y Resposabilidad de los representantes