viernes, 7 de diciembre de 2012

Poder Judicial,…decíamos en julio del 2012




Seguridad para las Masas; ¿Eugenio Z o Harold T. Stone?

The New York City Criminal Court is the general term describing the entry-level court for criminal cases in the five boroughs of New York City.

The Criminal Court hears misdemeanors, and some traffic infractions.

Criminal Court also arraigns persons accused of felonies.

Felony charges are ultimately heard in New York State Supreme Court.

Most people who are arrested and prosecuted in New York City will appear before a Criminal Court judge for arraignment.

They may share a holding cell behind the courtroom.

In New York City, the time from arrest to arraignment in Criminal Court is about 24 hours.

Given the volume of arrests in New York City, Criminal Court arraignments are held day and night, seven days a week, 365 days a year, from 9:00 AM to 1:00 AM.

At the arraignment, the primary issue is whether or not the Court will decide that bail is required.

If the Court does not set bail, the accused is released on his own recognizance.

If the judge decides that the accused cannot be trusted to return to court without some encouragement, the judge may set bail.

The decisions to set bail and the amount of bail to set are discretionary, and depend on three factors: 1) prior criminal history, 2) the seriousness of the felony, and 3) community ties of the accused.

Every person who is arrested is entitled to be read the accusations against him or her formally.

However, this is a rare event - tradition in New York City is that a copy of the charges be provided at arraignment to the defense lawyer, who is expected to waive the formal public reading. 

Generally, the defense enters a plea of not guilty.


Judges of the Criminal Court are appointed by the Mayor of New York City to a 10-year term.

Several Criminal Court Judges are designated as Acting Justices of the New York State Supreme Court.

In addition, Judges of the New York City Civil Courtare designated to sit in the Criminal Court.

Traducción de Maquina.

La ciudad de Nueva York Corte Penal es el término general que describe la corte de nivel de entrada para los casos penales en los cinco condados de la ciudad de Nueva York.

La Corte Penal oye delitos menores, y algunas infracciones de tránsito.

Corte Penal también juzga personas acusadas de delitos graves.

Cargos por delitos graves en última instancia, se escuchó en el Estado de Nueva York dela Corte Suprema.

La mayoría de las personas que son detenidas y procesadas en la ciudad de Nueva York se presentará ante un juez del Tribunal Penal para la acusación.

Se puede compartir una celda de detención detrás de la sala de audiencias.

En Nueva York, el momento de la detención de su acusación formal en la Corte Criminal es de aproximadamente 24 horas.

Dado el volumen de detenciones en la ciudad de Nueva York, lectura de cargos ante la Corte Penal se llevan a cabo día y noche, siete días a la semana, 365 días al año, de 9:00 AM a 1:00 AM.

En la comparecencia, la cuestión principal es si la Corte decide que la fianza se requiere.

Si la Corte no fijó una fianza, el acusado es liberado bajo su propia responsabilidad.

Si el juez decide que el acusado no se puede confiar para volver a la corte sin un cierto estímulo, el juez puede fijar una fianza.

La decisión de fijar la fianza y el monto de la fianza para establecer son discrecionales, y dependen de tres factores: 1) antecedentes penales, 2) la gravedad del delito, y 3) los lazos comunitarios de los acusados.

Cada persona que es detenida tiene derecho a ser leído las acusaciones en su contra o formalmente a ella.

Sin embargo, este es un evento raro - tradición en la ciudad de Nueva York es que una copia de los cargos que se proporcionan en la instrucción de cargos al abogado defensor, quien se espera que renunciar a la lectura pública formal.

En general, la defensa se ​​declara no culpable.


Los jueces de la Corte Penal son nombrados por el alcalde de la ciudad de Nueva York, a un plazo de 10 años.

Varios jueces penales son designados como jueces en funciones del Estado de Nueva York de la Corte Suprema.

Además, los magistrados de la Corte de Nueva York Civil están designados para sentarse en la Corte Penal.

Resumiendo; no hay solución posible si no hay una reforma de fondo en el Poder Judicial dela PBA.

¿Cuál es la dificultad para que en el AMBA, CABA +GBA, no existan tribunales penales que funcionen “día y noche, siete días a la semana, 365 días al año, de 9:00 AM a 1:00 AM”?

¿Donde los Jueces del Fuero Civil “están designados para sentarse en la Corte Penal”, si se sobrecargan los juzgados?

¿Que los detenidos no tengan una demora superior a las “24 horas”, para comparecer frente a Su Señoría?

¿Que dentro de esas 24 horas se decida, mientras se sustancia el proceso penal, si queda adentro, se le deja libre bajo su propia responsabilidad, o se le fija fianza?

“Si la Corte no fijó una fianza, el acusado es liberado bajo su propia responsabilidad.

Si el juez decide que el acusado no se puede confiar para volver a la corte sin un cierto estímulo, el juez puede fijar una fianza.

La decisión de fijar la fianza y el monto de la fianza para establecer son discrecionales, y dependen de tres factores: 1) antecedentes penales, 2) la gravedad del delito, y 3) los lazos comunitarios de los acusados”.

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